Some Linux desktops, like Ubuntu Unity, are similar in nature to the Aqua user interface (the one used in macOS). Linux is also incredibly versatile, designed to run on everything from mobile.
Do you want to make Ubuntu look like Mac OS X? If so, we’re going to show you how to do it, step-by-step.
The whole point of using Linux is that you can do things like this
It doesn’t matter whether you have a bad case of Apple envy, or you simply appreciate the design aesthetic of Apple’s OS; there’s nothing wrong with aping the appearance of a rival operating system.
After all, the whole point of using Linux is that you are free to do things like this — and hey: you certainly can’t make macOS look like Ubuntu!
A stack of mac GTK themes, icon sets, fonts and cursors are available for Linux, just a quick Google away.
The ones included below are the ones we use/think give you the best Mac-like look on your Linux box, But don’t be afraid to explore DeviantArt, GitHub and other avenues if our choices don’t quite match with your tastes.
To achieve the most Mac-like look on Linux you need to use the most appropriate desktop environment and that is GNOME Shell.
This is not a slight against other desktop environments (DEs) as Unity, Budgie, MATE and Cinnamon can all be moulded to resemble Cupertino’s computing OS too.
But GNOME Shell is the most customisable desktop environment. This is a key ask in a task like this. GNOME Shell lets you theme and re-arrange everything you need to with the least amount hackery or fuss.
If you’re using Ubuntu 18.04 LTS or later you already have everything you need to get started, so skip ahead.
But if you don’t have GNOME Shell installed on Ubuntu you will need to install it first.
This is easy. Just click the button below and follow in the on-screen prompts (select ‘lightdm’ as the display manager when asked):
You’re also going to need to the GNOME Tweaks tool in a few steps time, so install that now too:
Once both installations are complete you need to logout and select the ‘GNOME Shell’ session from the Unity Greeter:
One thing GNOME Shell can’t offer, that the Unity desktop can, is global menu support.
Now, I don’t consider this to be a negative as more and more applications use use Client Side Decorations, making the need for a global menu redundant.
But if having an omnipresent set of app menus stripped across the top of the screen is part of the Mac experience you don’t wish to lose, stick with Unity.
The single easiest way to make Ubuntu look like a Mac is to install a Mac GTK theme.
Our top recommendation is the ‘macOS Mojave’ theme by Vinceluice. This is a near-enough pixel-perfect clone of Apple’s OS skin, and is available in light and dark versions. It’s one of the best designed Mac GTK themes out there (it also has a matching GNOME Shell theme).
The ‘macOS Mojave’ theme requires GNOME 3.20 or later, so you’ll need to be running Ubuntu 16.10 or later to use it.
If you’re running the older Ubuntu 16.04 LTS release you can use the competent ‘macOS Sierra’ clone created by the B00merang project:
Once you download your chosen macOS theme from the link(s) above, you will need to install it.
To install themes in Ubuntu first extract the contents of the archive you downloaded, then move the folder inside to the
~/.themes folder in your Home directory.
If you do not see this folder press
Ctrl + H to reveal hidden folders. Next, find the .themes folder or create it if it doesn’t exist. Move the extract folder mentioned above to this folder.
Finally, to change theme, open
GNOME Tweak Tool > Appearance and select your chosen theme (and the GNOME Shell theme, if you also downloaded one).
Next grab some a Mac Icon set for Linux. A quick Google will throw up a bunch of results. Most, sadly, aren’t complete enough to function as a full icon set, so you’ll also want to use (and in some cases manually specify) a fall back icon theme like Faba, or Papirus.
To avoid all of that hassle you may wish to use the fabulous ‘La Capitaine‘ icon pack.
What’s great about La Capitaine is that it’s a proper Linux icon set, with custom macOS inspired icons for many Linux apps and not just a direct port of mac icons to Linux. It’s also totally open-source, and is available to download from Github.
Once you’ve downloaded your chosen theme from the link(s) above you need to install it. To do this first extract the contents of the archive you download, then move the folder inside to the
~/.icons folder in your Home directory.
If you don’t see this folder press
Ctrl + H to view hidden folders. Next, find the .icons folder or create it if it doesn’t exist. Move the extract folder mentioned above to this folder.
Finally, to apply, open
GNOME Tweak Tool > Appearance and select your chosen theme.
If you’ve used Mac OS X / macOS at some point in the past few years you’ll know it has clean, crisp system typography.
‘Lucida Grande’ is the familiar Mac system font, though Apple uses a system font called ‘San Franciso’ in recent releases of macOS.
A quick Google should turn up plenty more information (and links to download San Francisco font) but be aware that neither font is not licensed for distribution — so we can’t link you to it, sorry!
Thankfully there’s an open-source alternative to ‘Lucida Grande’ called Garuda. It’s even pre-installed out of the box on Ubuntu, so you don’t need to go on a font safari to find it.
GNOME Tweak Tool > Fonts and set the ‘Windows Titles’ and ‘Interface’ fonts to Garuda Regular (or any other font you wish).
If you use Unity you can use Unity Tweak Tool to change the font on Ubuntu.
Ask people what a Mac desktop looks like and chances are they will mention its ubiqutious desktop dock. This is a combined application launcher and window switcher.
If you opted to use GNOME Shell back in Step 1 install the excellent Dash to Dock extension from the GNOME extensions site. This dock can be adjusted, tweaked and tune to look exactly like its macOS counterpart.
Dash to Dock doesn’t look very mac-ish by default so you will want to dive in to the
GNOME Tweak Tool > Extensions > Dash to Dock > Appearance to change the colour to white, and lower the opacity.
If you chose to stick with the Unity desktop you can set the Unity Launcher to hide (
System Settings > Desktop > Behaviour) and install Plank, a desktop dock, to handle app launching and window switching:
Plank can be configured with all sorts of themes too, making it easy to replicate the Mac OS X experience. Gnosemite is a faithful mac Plank theme worth a look.
That’s it; we’ve achieved our aim to make Ubuntu look like a Mac — now it’s your turn.
We’d love to see a screenshot of your mac-inspired creation so do feel free to share one in the comments.
There can be many reasons why you want to know your IP address when connecting to a Linux terminal. Say you’re creating a certificate and need to enter the details. Or you’re trying to create a connection between two servers that you’ve connected to remotely and need to get the IP details of one to enter into the other. Whatever the reason, the issue is made a bit complicated by the fact that a typical Linux box will have multiple networking interfaces. To the average person “Get a system’s IP address” has a very simple meaning. Find the address to which incoming communications are sent. Or the address from which outgoing communications are issued.
It’s not just virtual addresses, but MAC addresses as well. In this article we’ll see various ways to hardware and virtual addresses of our networking interfaces.
Step 1: Get the name of the Network Interface
Whether you’re working remotely via SSH or logged in directly on the console, we first need to find out which network interface is connecting to the Internet on Linux. The overwhelming majority of the time, it will be called “eth0”. But to be sure, we type in the following command:
The “ip route” command lists the routing tables. We search for the “default” entry as shown above. We can see that in this example, the network interface is indeed “eth0” as expected. You might be tempted to think that the IP address next to it is the one we’re looking for, but it’s not!
Step 2: Get the IP Address of the Interface
Now that we have the name of the active network interface, we can find its IP address by typing in the following:
This will show us a list of all the existing network interfaces. We just need to find the one we identified in the first step. In this case, eth0 as shown here:
We see that “eth0” is the second entry in the list. Below that, we see the word “inet” followed by the IP address that we’re looking for.
As a point of interest, we see that the flags for “eth0” in this case include “LOWER_UP”. It means that the system detects an ethernet cable in the port and moreover, it can also see another device plugged into it at the other end. This is yet another hint that “eth0” is the interface that we’re interested in. But it’s not a guarantee as there can be other connected ethernet interfaces as well!
In addition to the virtual IP address, each interface is also associated with a hardware MAC address that it can be necessary to know. As with the IP address, it can be confusing to find the right one because there seem to be so many! To get the MAC address of the interface, we use the following command:
This will generate an output as shown here:
The “eth0” interface has a line that starts with “link/ether”, followed by the MAC address.
Finally, if you’re connected to your Linux box remotely via SSH, you might need to find out your local (remote for the server) IP address. This is obviously different from the server’s IP address. To get that, you can use the following command:
This simply prints the value of the $SSH_CLIENT variable and filters it to find the IP address. It will simply print the IP address of the SSH client on the next line. Clean and simple!
These are the few ways to get the various IP and MAC addresses of the different interfaces on Linux.