Define Mac OS X. Mac OS X synonyms, Mac OS X pronunciation, Mac OS X translation, English dictionary definition of Mac OS X. Hyperfine structure American Heritage® Dictionary of the.

  • Apps for Mac OS. WordWeb Pro Dictionary and Thesaurus. Full audio pronunciations and many related words. Comprehensive American English dictionary with full audio pronunciations. Chambers Dictionary. The single-volume British and international English dictionary with the widest coverage of all the riches of the English language.
  • OS X added protected memory, pre-emptive multitasking, multithreading and symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) to the Mac world. The heart of OS X is the open source, POSIX-compliant Darwin kernel.

OS X is Apple's operating system that runs on Macintosh computers. It was first released in 2001 and over the next few years replaced Mac OS 9 (also known as Mac OS Classic) as the standard OS for Macs. It was called 'Mac OS X' until version OS X 10.8, when Apple dropped 'Mac' from the name.

OS X was originally built from NeXTSTEP, an operating system designed by NeXT, which Apple acquired when Steve Jobs returned to Apple in 1997. Like NeXTSTEP, OS X is based on Unix and uses the same Mach kernel. This kernel provides OS X with better multithreading capabilities and improved memory management compared to Mac OS Classic. While the change forced Mac developers to rewrite their software programs, it provided necessary performance improvements and scalability for future generations of Macs.

The OS X desktop interface is called the Finder and includes several standard features. OS X does not have a task bar like Windows, but instead includes a menu bar, which is fixed at the top of the screen. The menu bar options change depending on what application is currently running and is only hidden when full screen mode is enabled. The Finder also includes a Dock, which is displayed by default on the bottom of the screen. The Dock provides easy one-click access to frequently used applications and files. The Finder also displays a user-selectable desktop background that serves as a backdrop for icons and open windows.

When you start up a Mac, OS X loads automatically. It serves as the fundamental user interface, but also works behind the scenes, managing processes and applications. For example, when you double-click an application icon, OS X launches the corresponding program and provides memory to the application while it is running. It reallocates memory as necessary and frees up used memory when an application is quit. OS X also includes an extensive API, or library of functions, that developers can use when writing Mac programs.

While the OS X interface remains similar to the original version released in 2001, it has gone through several updates, which have each added numerous new features to the operating system. Below is a list of the different versions of OS X, along with their code names.

  • Mac OS X 10.0 (Cheetah)
  • Mac OS X 10.1 (Puma)
  • Mac OS X 10.2 (Jaguar)
  • Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther)
  • Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger)
  • Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard)
  • Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard)
  • Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion)
  • OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion)
  • OS X 10.9 (Mavericks)
  • OS X 10.10 (Yosemite)

Updated: December 31, 2014

Dictionary
Developer(s)Apple Inc.
Stable release
2.3.0 / August 18, 2018; 2 years ago[1]
Operating systemmacOS
TypeDictionary
LicenseProprietary
Websitewww.apple.com
Part of a series on
macOS

From version 10.0 to version 10.15:

From version 11.0:

  • iTunes (history)
  • Safari (version history)

Dictionary is an application developed by Apple Inc. as a part of macOS. The application provides definitions and synonyms from various dictionaries, Wikipedia articles and a glossary of Apple-related terms.

Definition For Mac Os X

Dictionary was introduced in OS X 10.4 with the New Oxford American Dictionary and Oxford American Writer's Thesaurus (as well as the Wikipedia and Apple sections). 10.5 added Japanese dictionaries, 10.7 added the British Oxford Dictionary of English, and 10.8 added French, German, Spanish and Chinese.

History[edit]

OS X's progenitor, OPENSTEP (and NEXTSTEP) provided similar functionality, called Digital Webster, providing dictionary and thesaurus definitions from Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary and Webster's Collegiate Thesaurus (termed the 'First Digital Edition'). OPENSTEP Services provide lookup from all applications.

Dictionary was first introduced with Mac OS X v10.4 'Tiger' and provided definitions from the New Oxford American Dictionary, 2nd Edition. With Mac OS X 10.7 'Lion', Dictionary was updated to the Third Edition of the New Oxford American Dictionary and the British Oxford Dictionary of English was added.[2]

Functionality[edit]

Words can be entered in the search bar by just typing the first few letters. The application will perform an incremental search to show any matching headwords or forms and will try to bypass spelling errors. Clicking on any word in a definition searches for that word in the dictionary again. Almost any word is clickable, except the pronunciations in phonetic characters and numerals.

The Preferences allow a user to select from three different pronunciation schemes, either US English (Diacritical or IPA), or British English (IPA).

The dictionary and thesaurus in Dictionary are in an XML format, but make use of precompiled binary index files to access the XML file directly. Therefore, the lexicon cannot easily be modified. However, the user can add new words to the macOS system-wide spell checker, which uses its own lexicon.

Mac Os X Download

Quick access[edit]

  • In applications which support 'Services', there is an option in the application menu (for example, Safari>Services>Look up in Dictionary) which brings up the Dictionary application and displays the definition of a selected word. The same option appears in the contextual menu after a Control-click on the selected word.
  • The key combination ControlCommand D can be used in Cocoa applications which display text – it brings up a small contextual menu-like definition or synonym of the word under the cursor.
  • As of Mac OS X Lion, a three finger tap on the trackpad (either the built-in MacBook trackpad or the Magic Trackpad) has the same effect as the ControlCommand D shortcut.
  • In applications which support the ability of the user to drag selected text, it is possible to select a word and drop it onto the icon of the Dictionary application in the Dock.
  • Dashboard includes a widget for accessing the Dictionary application.
  • macOS catches any queries to the dict:/// URI scheme, say from a web browser, and routes them back to the Dictionary application.
  • Since OS X Leopard, the dictionary has become tightly integrated with Spotlight, allowing users to view definitions from immediately within the system search.[3]

Other languages[edit]

Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) added the Japanese-language dictionary Daijisen, Progressive English to Japanese and Progressive Japanese to English dictionaries, and the 25,000-entry thesaurus 'Tsukaikata no Wakaru Ruigo Reikai Jiten' (使い方の分かる類語例解辞典), all of which are provided by the Japanese publisher Shogakukan. The Japanese dictionaries do not show up by default and must be enabled in Preferences.

Meaning Ng Mac Os X

In OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion, the Japanese dictionaries were replaced by Super Daijirin and the Wisdom English-Japanese Dictionary. In addition, dictionaries were also added for French (Multidictionnaire de la Langue Française for Macs sold in Europe, or Les Éditions Québec Amérique for Macs sold in America), German (Duden), Spanish (Vox), and Chinese (Standard Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese).

Software such as DictUnifier[4] can be used to add more dictionaries to the application.

Criticism[edit]

Although dictionary entries purport to be neutral, some entries in the underlying Oxford dictionary have been criticized for exhibiting various forms of bias. A complaint was filed in 2013 about the entry for 'gay,' which included the 'informal' definition 'foolish, stupid, or unimpressive: making students wait for the light is kind of a gay rule.'[5] The definition has since been amended with the label 'offensive.' In addition, writers of the dictionary exhibit gender bias in definitions such as 'political,' and 'apolitical.' The definition for 'political' associates the word with a man, ' he's a political man' and the example for 'apolitical' associates the word with a woman, 'not interested or involved in politics: a former apolitical housewife.' This form of gender bias has been documented in many dictionaries.[6]

References[edit]

Definition for mac os x 10.7

Os X Download

  1. ^'OS X 10.10 Yosemite release date'. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  2. ^'Inside Mac OS X 10.7 Lion: New dictionaries, multiple word views, multitouch lookups'. Apple Insider. April 12, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  3. ^'Get Immediate Dictionary Definitions Using Spotlight'. OS X Daily. Archived from the original on April 13, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2012.
  4. ^'mac-dictionary-kit - Mac Dictionary Kit - Google Project Hosting'. Code.google.com. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  5. ^'Apple Dictionary Definition of 'Gay' includes 'Stupid''. ABC News. November 12, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  6. ^'Should Dictionaries Do More to Confront Sexism?'. The New Yorker. Retrieved July 15, 2018.

External links[edit]

Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dictionary_(software)&oldid=970911937'
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